When the global average temperature rises by 2℃ compared to pre-industrial times, the risk from climate change greatly increases. Therefore, all 195 parties to the Paris Agreement in 2015 promised to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
As a responsible member of the international community, Korea needed to actively participate in responding to the climate crisis. In October 2020, as a national vision, Korea declared 2050 carbon neutrality and established a 2050 scenario as a follow-up measure.
To achieve 2050 carbon neutrality with the vision of “a safe and sustainable carbon-neutral society from the climate crisis,” Korean government has presented the direction of detailed policies for each sector such as establishment of follow-up plans such as mid- to long-term energy plans, support for the development of greenhouse gas reduction technologies, and speed of social transformation, etc. In addition, the [Framework Act on Carbon Neutrality and Green Growth for Response to the Climate Crisis], which is the basis for laying the institutional foundation, came into effect in July 2022, and the goal of carbon neutrality for 2050 was legislated.
As such, Korea has expressed its will to actively participate in responding to the global climate crisis, while preemptively responding to the global situation and accelerating efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Including the UK, which enacted a “carbon neutral goal by 2050” for the first time among the G7 countries, the US is also intensively pursuing climate crisis response measures with the “goal to achieve Net Zero by 2050”. The EU, the US, the UK, and Japan, including Korea, have declared carbon neutrality and are working collaboratively around the world with carbon neutrality as an international common goal.